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Economies of scale in public statutory accident insurance funds in Germany
Journal for Public and Nonprofit Service, (2013) 4, 271–284
economic analysis
Bertrand Competition with an Asymmetric No-discrimination Constraint
Journal of Industrial Economics , Volume LXI, March 2013, pp. 62-83
Jan Bouckaert, Hans Degryse
competition, competition law & economics
A panel discussion on the competition law of joint ventures.
Noerr Competition Day 2013, 14 May 2013, Munich.
joint venture, competition law
Workshop on EU Cartel Litigation The Economists' role
Antitrust and Competition Law Compliance, 25 September 2013, Amsterdam.
lysine, cartel litigation
Comments on Sector Inquiries and Joint Ventures
Studienvereinigung Kartellrecht, 27 February 2013, Berlin.
joint venture, sector enquiries
Regional Aid - Observations on Welfare and Entrepreneurs
ERA State Aid Conference, 15 November 2013, Trier.
welfare, regional aid, state aid
Standard of Proof for Economic Evidence in Competition Cases
IBC Competition Economics 2013, London, 25 April 2013.
economic evidence, standard of proof
Dominant and Efficient – On the Relevance of Efficiencies in Abuse of Dominance Cases
Hal White Antitrust Conference, June 3/4, 2013.
antitrust policy, efficiency defence, predatory pricing

Abstract : The European Commission’s policy on the relevance of efficiency considerations in abuse of dominance cases (Article 102 TFEU) has not been resolved satisfactorily. In an attempt to give guidance on this matter, we address the topic from two different angles: First, we review EC soft law provisions and recent decisions. Based on this review, we find that efficiency defences play a limited role under the current practice. They are of relevance in the growing number of IT related cases but only in these. Second, we explore – in the example of low price strategies – business practitioners’ views on the relevance of the pro and anti-competitive motives. Based on a survey of EMBA students, we find that low price strategies are indeed frequently used. The motives are diverse however, often pro-competitive and in line with antitrust compliance, i.e. low price strategies are rarely considered advisable for leading firms. Finally, policy conclusions are drawn.

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Pricing payment cards
American Economic Journal: Microeconomics 5(3): 206–231
Emilio Calvano

Payment card networks, such as Visa, require merchants' banks to pay substantial "interchange" fees to cardholders' banks, on a per transaction basis. This paper shows that a network's
profi t-maximizing fee induces an inefficient price structure, over-subsidizing card usage and over-taxing merchants.

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The Handbook of Competition Economics 2014 - Germany (country chapter)
Global Competition Review.
Lars Wiethaus
handbook, 8th Amendment, competition

"An extract from The Handbook of Competition Economics 2014 -"

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